What is skin pigmentation?

Skin pigmentation refers to the color of your skin. It's determined by the amount and type of melanin, a pigment made by specialized skin cells known as melanocytes. Changes in melanin production can cause pigment disorders, such as hyperpigmentation (dark spots), hypopigmentation (light spots), depigmentation (white spots or patches). Skin damage from acne, blisters, cuts, sun exposure, genetic factors, and autoimmune conditions are all possible causes for changes in melanin and, thus, skin pigmentation. This article discusses skin pigmentation and genetics. It also details skin pigment disorders and how to treat them.

Types of Pigmentation


Melasma is common in women, especially those who are pregnant or with a hormonal imbalance. It can affect all skin types but is more common in darker Fitzpatrick skin types.


Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation is a type of hyper pigment that occurs following inflammation or an injury to the skin and common after acne and trauma.


If you're lighter-skinned and blond, red hair & more likely to have freckles. Freckles are small spots can appear in a variety of colours such as brown, tan, red, black or even yellow.

Sunspots/Age spots

Age spots are small, flat dark areas on the skin. They vary in size and usually appear on areas exposed to the sun, such as the face, hands, shoulders and arms.

Treatments To Help Skin Pigmentation


Observ Skin Analysis

Discover what’s actually going on below the surface in real life with an Observ 520x Skin Analysis. Using advanced camera technology, we’ll dive deep beneath the skin to understand, diagnose any underlying concerns.

Pico Laser For Pigmentation

Picocare 450 targets and destroys almost all types of pigmented lesions with excellent efficacy. This is the most advanced technology for non- invasive fading of skin pigmentation including melasma on the face and body.

Laser Spot Removal

Our clinic uses two different advanced laser technologies Gentle Lase Pro and Pico lasers to treat your unwanted pigmentation without damaging the surrounding tissue. We can treat all skin tones.

Clinical Peels

Using a chemical solution that prompts the skin’s outermost layer to shed, a chemical peel triggers a repair response in the layers below. The result is even-toned skin that looks and feels firmer, healthier and more youthful.


This advanced skin-perfecting Collagen induction therapy uses a unique micro-needling process to stimulate and rejuvenate the skin. Treating enlarged pores, congestion, oiliness, fine lines and wrinkles.


As the world’s leading professional depigmentation method, cosmelan® effectively reduces the dark spots caused by melanin, hyperpigmentation, hormonal pigmentation (melasma) and ageing.